What are potassium supplements used for in pets?
Potassium supplements can be used in cats and dogs if they have potassium deficiency, urinary stones and other diseases. Common causes of low blood potassium levels (hypokalemia) include chronic kidney disease (CKD), some medications, inadequate nutrient intake, and many more. Diuretics are a common medication that can cause low potassium levels, and use of a diuretic may require potassium supplementation. Potassium supplements can be used short-term or long-term, depending on the cause of low potassium levels. If diarrhea, chronic dehydration, or decreased intake is causing hypokalemia, treatment may be short-term, until your pet’s symptoms resolve. When chronic illnesses affect your pets’ potassium levels, treatment is likely to be long-term. If your pet has been diagnosed with kidney disease, is currently taking blood pressure medication, or has had vomiting or diarrhea, then it may be beneficial to have his blood potassium levels checked by your veterinarian.
When should potassium supplements not be used in pets?
Potassium supplements should not be used in pets with hyperkalemia (elevated potassium levels in the blood), kidney failure, severe kidney failure, untreated Addison’s disease, acute dehydration, or in pets with gastrointestinal motility problems. They should also be avoided when your pet is taking an ACE inhibitor, digoxin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (rimadyl, norocarp, previcox, and others), or potassium-sparing diuretics such as spironolactone. Your trusted pharmacist at vetrxdirect can help if you’re concerned about adding potassium supplements to your pet’s current medications.
Reading: Potassium supplement for dogs
what kind of potassium supplements for pets are there?
Potassium is an ion, meaning that it is charged, and is hard to absorb into the bloodstream by itself. To neutralize the charge, it is bound to another ion which makes it easier to absorb. There are three potassium salt supplements available for pets: potassium gluconate, potassium citrate, and potassium chloride. All three can be used for potassium deficiency.Potassium citrate is also used to help prevent kidney stones, because it’s salt form can increase urine pH. There are a wide variety of oral potassium supplements available, and some require a prescription. Some of the potassium supplements also have cranberry extract in them, which is beneficial if your pet is prone to urinary tract infections. The cranberry makes bacteria less likely to attach to the bladder wall and grow. At the end of this article is a comparison table of the products that we carry at VetRxDirect and what they are used to treat. You can use this to compare the different products that are available to the one that your pet might use.
how to monitor your pet while taking potassium supplements:
If your companion requires potassium supplementation, it is important to keep all follow-up appointments with your veterinarian because his blood potassium levels must be closely monitored. You should consult your veterinarian, especially when purchasing and administering over-the-counter products, as incorrect dosing of potassium supplements for your pet can be dangerous. your vet will be able to recommend the correct dosage and help you decide which product is best.
Regardless of the type of product you are using, you should be aware of the signs that your pet may have too high levels of potassium in his blood: if your pet appears abnormally weak, has a very irregular heartbeat, or appears depressed . These side effects of potassium supplements are serious and indicate that your pet should be seen by your veterinarian. It’s important to use the potassium supplement only for as long as your vet recommends, especially if it’s intended to be a short-term treatment. treating your pet with potassium supplements for longer than your veterinarian recommends could cause your pet’s potassium levels to rise too high. You should also monitor your pet’s fluid intake because he will need to be well hydrated to keep his potassium levels stable.
With proper management and regular potassium supplementation, low blood potassium levels can be corrected and/or maintained. The key to safe and effective treatment is developing a close relationship with your veterinarian. Not only is it important for your veterinarian to monitor your pet regularly, but they should also monitor your pet’s mood and general health. awareness of health changes can prevent your pet from overdosing on their potassium supplements. With knowledge about potassium supplementation, you should be able to better treat your pet’s low blood potassium safely and effectively.
Does your pet take a potassium supplement? Which ones have you tried and have they worked well for you? Feel free to leave any remaining questions about potassium supplements for dogs or cats in the comments below or by using the Q&A feature on the respective product pages.
-vetrxdirect pet pharmacy intern
reference: “hypokalaemia”. Cornell University. cornell university, north dakota web. 12 Apr 2014.